I don’t know how to handle this Philosophy question and need guidance.
In the essay by Turing, he lays out the “imitation game” or what we now call the Turing test. What is this test and how is it supposed to “prove” intelligence? What does “passing” the test mean?
In the movie Ex Machina, Caleb is coaxed into putting Ava through a “Turing test”. In the context of the movie, do you think she passes? Defend you answer combing information from both the movie and the essay by Turing. Does it show what Turning wants it to show—do you think Ava is conscious? Explain; be diligent in connecting information from Turing’s essay.
What is strong A.I.? What is Searle’s argument and why is it an attack on Strong AI? Explain how Searle uses The Chinese Room Argument to undermine the intuitions behind the Turing Test. Since Searle is attacking Strong AI, does this mean he is a dualist? Explain why.
Two common arguments for god’s existence are the ontological argument and the cosmological argument. Briefly lay out both arguments. A common criticism of both arguments is that even if we accept that they are good arguments: 1) neither actually proves the existence of a traditional understanding of God (i.e., an invisible conscious humanoid father who is deeply concerned with humans) and 2) neither helps us choose between the various religions. Explain this criticism.
Lay out the teleological argument for god’s existence. What sorts of things would advocate of this argument use as evidence of “design” in our world? One common criticism of the teleological argument is that while it may, at best, be an argument for a designer, the argument does not seem to help support any particular religion. Why not? Indeed, the argument seems to point away from some of the more common religions like Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Explain why?
How does Darwin respond to the teleological argument? Lay out his theory of evolution (use information from the series “The Cosmos”) and explain how his theory attempts to explain away the appearance of design. What sorts of things could we look at as evidence to help us decide between the two theories?
One argument against God’s existence is the Problem of Evil. Lay out this argument and explain why the 3 claims in the triad are inconsistent. A common theodicy is that God uses evil (or human suffering) as a way to make us better or to test us. Lay out this theodicy and show why it fails to get us out of the problem of evil.