Answer 3 Ques-Please Find the Attachment
1) write article of 250 words
2)respond to 1st article with 150 words
3)respond to 2nd article with 150 words
1) Confrontation and Decision Making
1) Write 250 words about the article confrontation and decision making (need peer reviewed references above year 2013)
2) respond 1st article with 150 words
3) reply 2nd article with 150 words
2.respond 1st article with 150 words
2) Confrontation in an organisation tends to be rampant as a result of opposition or conflicting ideas. When such occurrences transpire, it is an obligation of an organisation to find amicable strategy that will ensure the conflict is resolved.
The confrontation encountered can either be dysfunctional that’s has destructive consequences while functional confrontation tends to bring positive energy to the organisation (Darling, 1996).
The best strategy for conflict management is through negotiation which ensures there is communication, sharing of ideas and creativity in finding solutions for the aforementioned problems.
There are various reasons that lead to organisational confrontations. Such factors include scarcity in resources, jurisdictional obscurities, personality rattles, goal and power differences and communication breakdown.
Organisations are obliged to follow logical process when solving confrontations by first identifying the cause of the problem, analysing the dispute, formulating alternative approaches and acting on the outcomes.
Negotiation being an interactive process that works with an objective of advancing individual and multiparty welfares, the outcome can either be a win-win or a win–lose situation for either of the parties (Zartman, 2007).
During the entire period of negotiation, proper preparation needs to be set in place which will ensure the place, time and attendees are fully aware. The second phase of this process is giving opportunities to either party to bring forward their cases and then the goals, concerns and perspectives are clarified from the initial discussion held earlier.
Conclusively, negotiation focuses on collaborative or competitive outcomes depending with the desired results from different parties. Collaborative strategy ensures that both parties’ benefit from the negotiation by feeling that their points of views are put under consideration.
In case of competitive strategy or a win–lose situation, substitute strategies are considered which are targeted at achieving greater benefits for the concerned parties.
Before ending the process of negotiation and executing the accomplishment, an agreement must be reached and on the contrary of failure to agree, the negotiation process will be rescheduled until an amicable solution is found to the confrontation.
Darling, J. (1996). From Chaos to Order. New Frontiers in Conflict Management, 2 – 21.
Zartman. (2007). Negotiation and Conflict Management. Essay on Theory, 13~15.
Role of Intuition in Decision Making
Thanks to rapid changes in technology, it is becoming easier to make business decisions. However, it has not been easy to depend on the rational decision-making approach since not all the times the background information needed for the analysis is available. In other instances, there could be far more information available than we could hope to process.
In these situations, we rely on intuition to make the best decisions. Intuition is defined as the process of perceiving or knowing things without conscious thought.
Intuition plays a vital role in decision making. Intuition helps people make fast and effective decisions in unfamiliar and complex situations. In most cases, these decisions are highly strategic.
At times, we find ourselves in a complex environment where we can only rely on our guts to make the right decision. For instance, when time is pressurised, we find ourselves under intense pressure to make sensitive decisions. The only we can do it is to depend on our guts or intuition.
In other instances, the data can be inconsistent, and as such situations, intuition is the only for the people to come up with a decision. A study conducted by Resnik (2017) found out that executives who relied on their intuition were 90|% accurate in their decisions.
Intuition, when combined with the rational decision-making process, helps people make better-informed decisions. Rational decision making is a multi-step process that allows people to make a choice between two alternatives. Rational decision making requires the decision-makers to gather data and analyse it to identify trends and patterns that aid in choosing the best between the alternatives.
Intuition can be combined with rational decision making to help decision-makers make decisions that align with the core values of society. Decisions made from rational decision making can be misleading since they don’t take into account the societal issues.
Intuition plays a crucial role in decision making. It has recently been used to differentiate between a leader and a manager. While a manager makes his decisions based on facts and figures, a leader uses his intuition to decide in certain situations.
Resnik, D. B. (2017). The role of intuition in risk/benefit decision-making in human subjects’ research. Accountability in research, 24(1), 1-29.
Rocha Neto, I., & Iida, I. (2018). Intuition and wisdom in decision making. Production, 28(0). Doi: 10.1590/0103-6513.20170007