Book Discussion #2 Ideas (may select 1 or more to respond to) submit to Discussion Drop Box by 3/1 at 11:59 pm:
See RUBRIC and Example tabs (Maximum 30% similarity). Submit in Discussion Drop Box. No late assignments.
Book Discussion Example
Ethical egoism fosters an environment of competition and promotes lack of selflessness. Because self-interest differs from person to person, competition to fulfil personal self-interest becomes acceptable. For example, many people who have careers in the trade of business view personal gratification and fulfilment as essential to success.
Pursuing one’s self interest demands that individual desires are elevated above another’s. Ethical egoism does not allow consideration for another person’s needs or permit aiding someone to reach their personal goals (Debelijak & Krkac, 2008).
This philosophy fundamentally alters how society and individuals uphold or value standards of morality. If one’s goal in life is to seek personal satisfaction, then it is morally justified via ethical egoism. However, there are serious ramifications to this self-seeking ethical philosophy.
Ethical egoism advocates individual preservation above the common welfare of society. If one’s desire is to steal believing he is justified because his own self-interest is being fulfilled, then he commits the crime with the belief that he is morally justified in doing so.
An action is moral so long as self-interest is the only goal being achieved. Individual interests and social welfare are often in conflict due to the reality that self-interest does not permit self-sacrifice. Ethical egoism mandates that social welfare is not a priority, not even a consideration when contemplating how best to pursue one’s self-interest (Olson, 1961). This corrupt pattern of thinking creates a fixation on individual preservation rather than universal prosperity.
Therefore, the only one benefiting from ethical egoism is a single individual. Everyone’s needs are not met nor are they considered important. It is a human being’s tendency to value or pursue self-interest at the cost of common welfare and prosperity.
Individualism states that the interests or desires of an individual are regarded as supreme. Individualism is often associated with the ethical egoism because an individual’s desires are considered paramount above the collective society. As a result, the individual relates to society or their community based upon what said community can offer them as an individual.
There exists no internal motive to assist another individual in pursing their desires or achieving their goals. Ethical egoism is self-centred by nature which causes a disconnect and lack of care for another’s prosperity (Gantt & Burton, 2013).
I believe that the only benefit to pursuing self-interest is temporary fulfilment of a particular desire. A society or community cannot benefit from each individual seeking self-satisfaction.
This self-centred philosophy ultimately leads to competition and misplaced animosity between people. It would be impossible to encourage, uplift, or connect with others if we are viewing each other as obstacles or hindrances to our selfish desires. I find ethical egoism to personify the selfish, depraved nature characteristic of human beings.
If self-interest is the idol to be worshipped, then other people will suffer the consequences of such narrow-minded thinking. I believe that many people benefit when we put aside our self-interest to acknowledge and consider another person’s needs above our own.
Debelijak, J. & Krkac, K. (2008). “Me, myself & I”: Practical egoism, selfishness, self-interest and business ethics. Social Responsibility Journal, 4(1/2), 217-227.
Gantt, E. E., & Burton, J. (2013). Egoism, altruism, and the ethical foundations of personhood. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 53(4), 438-460.
Olson, R.G. (1961). Ethical egoism and social welfare. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 21(4), 528-536.
|AG 401 Book/Video Discussion Rubric (Total Points 12)|
|Being scored on:||0 Unacceptable||1
Word count and organisation
|100 words or less and/or single spaced.||Greater than 100 words without paragraphs and/or single spaced.||Greater than 100 words with two or more paragraphs with a minimum of one citations in each paragraph and/or single spaced.||Greater than 100 words and at least three paragraphs with a minimum of one citation in each paragraph AND double spaced.|
Critical Thinking and use of ethical theory
|No ethical theories applied||Minimal application of ethical theory||Good application of ethical theory||Detailed application of ethical theory|
Number of ethical theory citations used in support. These should add value and be meaningful.
|No ethical theory citations (paraphrase or direct quotes). Pp, video, topical and Open Web citations do not count.||2 or fewer ethical theory citations (paraphrase or direct quotes from 2 or fewer sources). (NO Pp, video citations, topical or Open Web). Sources are well-rounded, peer-reviewed ethical theory sources (philosophical in nature). (Must be reputable: CPP library or S-L textbook).||3 ethical theory citations (paraphrase or direct quotes from 3 different sources). (NO Pp, video citations, topical or Open Web). Sources are well-rounded, peer-reviewed ethical theory sources (philosophical in nature). (Must be reputable: CPP library or S-L textbook).||3 or more ethical theory citations (paraphrase or direct quotes from 3 different sources) used in support for all theories being applied. (NO Pp, video citations, topical or Open Web). Sources are well-rounded, peer-reviewed ethical theory sources (philosophical in nature). (Must be reputable: CPP library or S-L textbook).|
APA citations and References section
|Numerous improper APA citations and/or References errors. Use APA book!||2 or more improper APA citations and/or References errors. Use APA book!||1-2 improper APA citations and/or References errors. Use APA book!||Proper APA citations and References section on sources used. When you cite make sure and list the page number or paragraph number. Use APA book!|
Note: Extra points deducted for misspelling, poor grammar or errors made repeatedly week after week after corrections and feedback have already been given. Professor reserves the right to deduct points, give warnings or zeros for submissions slightly over 30% similarity (includes References section at end).
If you are having trouble with % similarity, paraphrase MORE and direct quote less and include more original thought to reduce. Zeros can and will be given for submissions that do not follow the prompt or have % similarity exceeding the 30% threshold.