The instruction to follow is in the browse files. 0 plagiarism
Instruction for the response:
In your responses to no fewer than two of your classmates, compare and contrast your respective responses to the Perry study and illustrative examples, offering constructive criticism of your respective arguments and conclusions. Additionally, identify any insights you have gained as a result of reading the responses of others.
I need 100 words response to this 2-discussion forum.
2) Identify what you consider to be a sexual identity-related problem or issue that is of importance to you and to society and culture.
A major issue that has hit the spotlight is the discussion on transgender individuals. Transgender basically means a person does not identify their gender according to their assigned sex gene. Many people do not believe in being homosexual, let alone an individual identifying as transgender. This all seems too much for some cultures.
However, this sexual identity-related problem is exploding all over the world. For a long time, many people were afraid to express themselves as transgender due to the fear of being discriminated against and harassed. As a society, each state continues to limit their laws for protection of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LBGT) community (Van Duyne & Livingstone, 2019).
Approaches to reproduction and sexual rights are now receiving global attention as well as the need for health care for these individuals. Transgender people suffer with rejection, bias, abuse, and have higher percentage rates of depression and suicide than the general population (Van Duyne & Livingstone, 2019).
Identify and evaluate the key positions and theoretical arguments relating to your issue. Include in your discussion comments on what you have learned about the reasons for differences in sexual orientation (e.g., from biological, cultural, or physiological causes). Ground all positions and conclusions in theory and evidence.
Sexual identity has become multidimensional and extremely complex – it is not just male and female. It encompasses gender identity, sexual orientation, and sexual attraction (Mossler & Ziegler, 2016). Biologically, a person is born with XX or XY sex genes; however, that doesn’t mean the gender aspect does not continue to develop over a life span.
“Our gender identify is a sense of the gendered self, influenced by social expectations and situational contexts, that is developed over time” (Mossler & Ziegler, 2016, Ch. 12.1, para. 2). Sexual orientation is how we identify ourselves and sexual attraction is the experience or desire in whom we are sexually attracted too.
For example, we could say we identify as a homosexual who desires to have sexual relations with the same sex. According to many cognitive theorists, the environment in which we are raised, teach us how to act. The toys we play with, the clothes we are dressed in, and the outward appearances all display a cognitive perspective for children to construct gender-types and expectations (Mossler & Ziegler, 2016).
Learned behavior over evolutionary perspective is that males are to show protection and survival skills, whereas, females are to be nurturing. “Specific anatomical brain differences suggest that gender is at first biologically and genetically driven; sex influences specific kinds of gender development and behavior” (Mossler & Ziegler, 2016, Ch. 12.1, para. 3).
Mossler, R. A., & Ziegler, M. (2016). Understanding development: A lifespan perspective. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Van Duyne, I. M., & Livingstone, J. (2019). Transgender Health: Sensitivity in Care, Treatment, and Life Care Considerations for Female to Male Transgender Individuals. Journal of Life Care Planning, 17(4), 17–27.
2) Gender roles are a part of our society since the beginning of time. The views on gender roles and gender identity have shaped a cultural debate. Some parents believe that children need to be liberated from gender norms in society. They expose their children to neutral toys, clothing, and behaviour.
Other parents want to maintain traditional gender roles to maintain a balance in society. They teach boys to be boys and girls to be girls based on traditions. Gender neutrality is an offset of gender identity. According to Mossler and Ziegler, the way people define their own gender has a great deal to do with their later behaviour.
We construct gender roles based on socio-cultural norms of what is considered acceptable sex-typed behaviour. Individual experience and societal expectations play strong roles in their development. How individuals integrate the various behaviour related to gender contributes to individual personality and gender identity.
Our gender identity is a sense of the gendered self, influenced by social expectations and situational contexts, that is developed over time. (Mossler & Ziegler 2016). This debate is ongoing and fluid.
This topic threatens the norms in schools, community activities, and workplaces. Workplaces may have been overzealous in trying to create gender neutrality. Kelan’s research on gender neutrality in the workplace states, it appeared that interviewees were losing the energy to acknowledge and potentially oppose gender discrimination.
It seemed that they were suffering from gender fatigue: interviewees appeared to be tired of constructing their workplaces over and over as gender-neutral in spite of the fact that incidents of gender discrimination either had at one time occurred within their workplace or could again occur. (Kelan 2009).
It seems based on this research that workers may not be excited about dealing with this topic at work. I believe that sexual identity is more of a cultural and physiological issue. It is based on more self-perception, gender experiences, and the attitude of the current culture. I do not believe this issue existed 20 years ago, yet it is real and demands our attention and it continues to grow.
Mossler, R.A. & Ziegler, M. (2016). Understanding Development: A Lifespan Perspective. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Kelan, E. (2009). Gender Fatigue: The Ideological Dilemma of Gender Neutrality and Discrimination in Organisations. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences; Halifax. Vol. 26, Iss.3, (Sept 2009): 197-210