In this assignment, you will explore various ideologies or purposes of punishment and how these ideologies can affect sentencing.
First, identify at least three key ideologies or purposes of punishment. Select the ideologies or purposes you would like to explore a bit more and enter one in each open text box in the “Ideology/Purpose” column in the provided Module Two Assignment Template.
Note: You may repeat ideologies or purposes more than once if you would like, but you must use a different sentencing structure with which to explore the impact.
Then, choose at least three sentencing structures to enter into each open text box in the “Sentencing Structure” column. You may enter them in any order you wish in order to explore the effects of the structure on the ideology or purpose of your choice.
For example, you may wish to explore the effects of mandatory minimum sentences on retribution or rehabilitation. Select the three pairs that interest you the most.
Note: Use the list of sentencing structures found in the Project Guidelines and Rubric.
Finally, in 100 to 150 words for each of the three effect you will explore, describe how each ideology or purpose and the sentencing structure you selected in that row affects sentencing. What is the impact of each sentencing structure when you are trying to achieve the ideology or purpose you have identified? Consider the following in your response:
Does it help achieve the goals of that ideology or purpose? Does it hinder them?
Does it create potential new pathways of punishment or, at the very least, new approaches to punishment?
What happens to the system when you combine these different ideas?
Specifically, you must address the following rubric criteria:
Identify key ideologies or purposes of punishment.
Choose a sentencing structure for each ideology or purpose.
Explore how each ideology or purpose and its corresponding sentencing structure affects sentencing.
Guidelines for Submission
This assignment must be completed using the provided Module Two Assignment Template. Any references should be cited in APA format. Consult the Shapiro Library APA Style Guide for more information on citations.
CJ 210 Assignment 2-2 Template
Complete the table below by replacing the bracketed text with your responses. An example has been provided in the first row.
|Example: Retribution||Example: Mandatory minimum||Example: Mandatory minimums are aimed at imposing fixed penalties for offenders committing similar crimes and typically result in tougher penalties for more serious offenders.
Retribution refers to “just deserts” and “an eye for an eye.” According to the textbook, Corrections Today (2014), the goal of retribution is to impose punishment that holds the offender accountable and that is proportionate to the crime.
Retribution is not concerned with future outcome, only that the offender is held accountable and that the appropriate punishment is granted (Siegel & Bartollas, 2014).
A first-time nonviolent offender, then, should be treated less severely than a repeat offender. Mandatory minimum sentencing laws seem to be perfectly aligned with the goal of retribution.
Laws such as three-strikes and truth in sentencing result in harsher penalties for repeat and/or violent offenders. It must be mentioned that mandatory minimums may interfere with other long-term goals, such as struggles with reentry.
Siegel, L & Bartollas, C. (2014). Corrections Today, Second Edition. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.